Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20--26

A study of well-being in drunken driving recidivists


Jui- Cheng Lin1, Chun- Hung Lee2, Yu- Hsin Liu3 
1 Jianan Psychiatric Center, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Jianan Psychiatric Center, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei; Department of Informative Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
3 Department of Mental Health Nursing, Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Chun- Hung Lee
No. 539, Yuzhong Road, Tainan 717
Taiwan

Objectives: Drunk driving is related to accidents and poorer health, as well as causes a considerable economic cost. In this study, we intended to determine which sociodemographic factors can reduce health-related quality of life (QoL). Methods: We recruited 552 drunken driver recidivists and measured their alcohol use history and sociodemographic factors. We used the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria to evaluate severity of alcohol disorder. Psychological distress was measured using Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the status of well-being using the Short Form 12-Health Survey Questionnaire. We classified into several categories and analyzed with one-way analysis of variance or the Welch's test. Significant factors were further divided into subcategories for comparisons. Results: Alcohol use disorder according to DSM-5 criteria was found to be 34.2% mild, 16.7% moderate, and 44.7% severe in severity. The Depression Index according to BDI-II showed 70.5% in minimal, 13.2% mild, 10.5% moderate, and 5.8% severe depressed participants. In comparing subcategories according to the physical component summary (PCS), men who were older (p < 0.05), had fewer than 6 years of education (p < 0.001), unemployed (p < 0.05), homeless (p < 0.05), had monthly incomes below 15 thousand New Taiwan dollars (p < 0.05), and AUDIT scores ≥ 20 for severe depression (p < 0.001) had significantly lower QoL in PCS. In comparing subcategories according to the mental component summary (MCS), men who were unemployed (p < 0.05), homeless (p < 0.01), and AUDIT ≥ 20 for severe depression (p < 0.001) also had significantly lower QoL on MCS. Conclusion: Unemployment, homelessness, AUDIT scores ≥ 20, and higher BDI-II scores showed a reduction not only in PCS scores but also in MCS scores. Those findings could be used to determine the drunk drivers' behaviors and the well-being among those recidivists. Instead of incarceration or fining for drunk drivers, we need identification and referring them to treatment in those population, especially individuals with poor socioeconomic status, depression, and severe alcohol use disorder.


How to cite this article:
Lin JC, Lee CH, Liu YH. A study of well-being in drunken driving recidivists.Taiwan J Psychiatry 2019;33:20-26


How to cite this URL:
Lin JC, Lee CH, Liu YH. A study of well-being in drunken driving recidivists. Taiwan J Psychiatry [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 May 26 ];33:20-26
Available from: http://www.e-tjp.org/article.asp?issn=1028-3684;year=2019;volume=33;issue=1;spage=20;epage=26;aulast=Lin;type=0