• Users Online: 331
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 181-187

Correlates Related to Probable Common Mental Disorders among Ketamine Users: Cognitive and Urinary Impairments


1 Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital; Department of Nursing, Meiho University, Pingtung, Taiwan
2 Department of Nursing, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Pingtung, Taiwan
3 Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Pingtung, Taiwan
4 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Pingtung, Taiwan
5 Department of Social Work, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Pingtung, Taiwan
6 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Pingtung; Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Kuan- Ying Hsieh
No.130, Kaisyuan Second Road, Kaohsiung 802
Taiwan
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/TPSY.TPSY_36_20

Rights and Permissions

Objective: In this study, we intended to determine the prevalence of common mental disorder (probable CMD) in ketamine users in Taiwan and identify whether factors including cognitive and urinary impairments developed over the course of ketamine use were correlated with probable CMD. Methods: Through a cross-sectional study design, 538 participants (115 women and 423 men) were recruited from reformatory educational classes in Taiwan. We used the 12-item Chinese Health Questionnaire to evaluate probable CMD. Furthermore, we designed a copy of questionnaire regarding ketamine use including questions related to age at first contact with ketamine, ketamine use expenses per month, intervals of use, route, concomitant substance use, legal problems, as well as cognitive and urinary impairments developed over the course of ketamine use. The relationships between ketamine use, physical health, concomitant substance use, cognitive impairments, urinary impairments, and probable CMD were examined using logistic regression analysis. Results: In this study, the prevalence of probable CMD among ketamine users in Taiwan was 19.7%. We found that poor physical health (from p < 0.05 to p < 0.001 for all kinds of severity), comorbid sedatives or hypnotic use (p < 0.01), and moderate cognitive impairments (p < 0.05) significantly developed after ketamine use were all independent factors correlated with probable CMD. But urinary impairments developed after ketamine use did not show any significant difference in regression analysis when considering other confounding factors. Conclusion: We suggest that an early survey of physical health, concomitant use of sedatives or hypnotics, and cognitive impairment can detect mental health problems among ketamine users.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed344    
    Printed22    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded34    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal