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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-11

Required research activities to overcome addiction problems in Japan


1 Addictive Substance Project, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo, Japan
2 National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Tokyo, Japan
3 Department of Pharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
4 Department of Psychiatry, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
5 Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
6 Laboratory for Neural Circuit Dynamics of Decision Making, RIKEN Center for Brain Science, Wako, Japan
7 Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tokushima, Japan
8 Laboratory for Behavioral Neuroscience, Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life, Hiroshima, Japan
9 AlzMed, Inc., University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
10 Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
11 Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
12 Department of Drug Dependence Research, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan
13 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
14 Department of Forensic Medicine, Kumamoto University Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto, Japan
15 Department of Pain and Palliative Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
16 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
17 Center for Brain, Mind, and KANSEI, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
18 Department of Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
19 Center for Institutional Research, Educational Development, and Learning Support, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Ph.D Kazutaka Ikeda
2-1-6 Kamikitazawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8506
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/TPSY.TPSY_3_21

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Background: The term “addiction” encompasses both substance dependence and behavioral addiction and is associated with major societal problems. Measures to combat addiction are currently insufficient in Japan, and further research on addiction is necessary. Methods: Science Council of Japan (SCJ) has three subcommittees – the Addiction Subcommittee, Brain and Mind Subcommittee, and Neuroscience Subcommittee among others. Those three subcommittees are dealing directly or indirectly with addiction problems in Japan. Thus, all authors of this review, members of those subcommittees, collectively recommended what research activities are required in Japan for continuing effort in overcoming addiction problems in Japan. Results: We proposed the following measures. Proposal 1: Understand diversity in addiction and promote related research and education; Proposal 2: Promote personalized measures for patients with addiction disorders; Proposal 3: Foster addiction research personnel; Proposal 4: Develop new guidelines for the rehabilitation of patients with drug dependence; Proposal 5: Establish an institute specializing in addiction research and comprehensively handling information collection, research, countermeasures, treatment, and public relation related to addiction. Conclusion: The opinions of the review are based on the recommendations that were published in 2020 in Japanese by the Addiction Subcommittee, Brain and Mind Subcommittee, and Neuroscience Subcommittee of the SCJ. The authors here are sharing colleagues of Taiwanese Society of Psychiatry with these proposed research activities required to overcome addiction problems in Japan.


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