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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 117-123

Prevalence and factors associated with suicidal behaviors in a cross-sectional sample of Nigerian young adults

1 Department of Mental Health, State Specialist Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, Uniosun Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
3 Department of Mental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Opakunle Tolulope
P. Box 2031, Osogbo, Osun State 234
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/TPSY.TPSY_24_21

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Objective: In this study, we intended to assess the prevalence of suicidal behaviors and their associated factors among Nigerian young adults. Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 1171 Nigerian young adults from the six geopolitical regions of Nigeria. They completed a study-specific sociodemographic questionnaire, Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, 10-item Drug Abuse Screening Test, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results: The mean age ± standard deviation of the respondents was 24.92 ± 2.42 years. The lifetime suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt were 9.6%, 5.7%, and 2.6%, respectively. Of them, 7.1% had the 12-month suicidal ideation, and 4.8% were at risk of suicide attempt. Totally, 9.6% of the respondents had high suicide risk. The symptoms of depression and anxiety were present in 13.5% and 23.1% of the respondents, respectively. Suicidal behaviors among Nigerian young adults were significantly associated with dissatisfaction with life (p < 0.05), anxiety (p < 0.001), drug abuse (p < 0.001), and low self-esteem (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Suicidal behaviors were relatively high among Nigerian young adults, and were associated with dissatisfaction with life, anxiety, psychoactive substance use, and low self-esteem.

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