Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74--81

The link between mind-wandering and performance in a sustained attention to response test in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms


Susan Shur-Fen Gau1, Shoou- Lian Hwang-Gu2, Ying Ting Lin3, Chia- Fen Hsu2, Hsing- Chang Ni3 
1 Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital, and College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Division of Clinical Psychology, Graduate Institute of Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University; Department of Child Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
3 Division of Clinical Psychology, Graduate Institute of Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Shoou- Lian Hwang-Gu
No.259, Wenhua First Road, Guishan District, Taoyuan City 33302
Taiwan
Susan Shur-Fen Gau
No. 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei 10002
Taiwan

Objectives: The symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been positively documented to be correlated with unintentional mind-wandering (MW) in the literature. In this study, we intended to explore the link between the types of MW and the attention laboratory performance in adults with ADHD symptoms. Methods: We recruited 24 adult patients with ADHD and 30 controls: (a) to receive a semi-structured psychiatric interview for ADHD and other diagnoses, (b) to complete questionnaires about adult ADHD symptoms and other psychiatric symptoms, (c) to receive intelligence assessment, (d) to have thought probes during a Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART), and (e) to be assessed with the MW: Spontaneous Scale (WM-S). Results: Adult patients with ADHD symptoms showed a more impulsive SART response style (increased commission errors and fast response speed) and unintentional MW. Increased unintentional MW was associated with reduced task performance. A positive association existed between MW-S scores and unintentional MW during the SART. Conclusion: Spontaneous MW may be significant impairment in adults with ADHD. Different measurements of MW had the associated and consistent findings measured by cognitive laboratory task with thought probe or WM-S measurement.


How to cite this article:
Gau SS, Hwang-Gu SL, Lin YT, Hsu CF, Ni HC. The link between mind-wandering and performance in a sustained attention to response test in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.Taiwan J Psychiatry 2022;36:74-81


How to cite this URL:
Gau SS, Hwang-Gu SL, Lin YT, Hsu CF, Ni HC. The link between mind-wandering and performance in a sustained attention to response test in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms. Taiwan J Psychiatry [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 18 ];36:74-81
Available from: http://www.e-tjp.org/article.asp?issn=1028-3684;year=2022;volume=36;issue=2;spage=74;epage=81;aulast=Gau;type=0